The origin of Rome, according to ancient Roman Mythology, is centered on the legendary twins, Remus and Romulus. It is said that Romulus and his twin brother Remus, apparent sons of the God Mars who were suckled by a she-wolf after being abandoned, decided to build a city. After an argument, Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome, after himself.
The city of Rome grew into a kingdom (Roman Kingdom), around 8th Century BC. It was primarily run by the Etruscan until 6th Century BC, until the monarchs were overthrown by the Sabine tribes, who reinvented the governing system hence giving birth to the Roman Republic.
The Roman Republic was the period of the ancient Roman civilization when the government operated as a republic. The transition from republic to empire began around 59 BC, when an unofficial political alliance known as the First Triumvirate was formed between Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey, to share power and influence. The death of Crassus in 53 BC at the Battle of Carrhae, followed by the murder of Pompey, after his defeat in the Battle of Pharsalus (against Caesar), in 48 BC left Caesar solely in Charge. Fearing autocracy, the Senate plotted against Caesar and assassinated him in 44 BC. Numerous civil wars broke out , involving Mark Anthony, Brutus, Octavian and many others. In 27 BC, Octavian, the adopted son and chosen heir of Caesar, came out victorious, changed his name to Augustus and he adopted the title Imperator making him the first Roman Emperor.
The Roman Empire, at its height, included about a fourth of Europe, much of the Middle East, and the entire northern coastal area of Africa. The Roman Empire fell apart almost 1,500 years ago, but its culture still influences our lives. Roman art and architecture, including city lay outs can still be seen around us today. The language of Rome has had a profound impact on later cultures. More than 300 million persons speak languages directly related to Latin, the Roman tongue. Many words in English and in other languages come from Latin. Roman numerals are still used today with the names of monarchs and popes, in science (especially in the field of astronomy and chemistry), in music theory, and in so many other fields. Roman law provided the basis of the law of most European and Latin-American nations.
Enjoy our Roman collection which features wide assortments of coins, erotica, glass, gold, intaglio, jewelry, mosaic art, oil lamps, and so much more.