Ancient Egyptian pottery encompasses a wide variety of materials. Materials used for vessels included bronze, basalt, faience, terracotta and more. However the most popular material used was the alabaster.
Alabaster occurs naturally in many shades of color from pure white to reddish-tan. Alabaster was used by the Egyptians throughout the entire history of their civilization to make artifacts like vases and bowls. The extensive use of this material was undoubtedly due to the fact that it is a very soft material in terms of indentation hardness and is easily worked.