Amulets are the most popular and most excavated pieces from ancient Egypt. Amulets were made of almost every material available to the Ancient Egyptian. The finest were carved of stone: lapis lazuli, soapstone, carnelian, turquoise, feldspar, serpentine and steatite. Metals were used, in addition, gold being the most valuable, but copper, bronze and iron also were prized. Wood and bone were sometimes used. Of all materials, however, the greatest number of amulets was made out of faience.
Most amulets were in form of sacred symbols and Egyptian Gods or Deities. Thus, they were worn for magical benefits. They were worn for protection (Eye of Horus), luck (Nefertum), fertility (Fish, Tawaret), stability (Djed Pillar), life (Ankh), resurrection (Scarabs) and so much more.